Overview of goals and classification of Telemedicine

 The use of telecommunications technologies to promote or accelerate health services is called telemedicine. This system works with databases, connecting medical centers and treatment teams, or transferring diagnostic information. In fact, telemedicine uses electronic communications and telecommunications technology to provide services such as remote clinical care, training and education in areas related to health to specialists and patients, public health development and management implementation. It's health. Remote medicine is a new term used to describe the use of electronic information and communication technologies to provide services and consumer protection when there is a gap between the two groups of recipients and service providers. In fact, it is not a new concept. This concept has existed for many years by telephone and fax.

This concept has been used since the inception of telemedicine in the 1970s by Thomas Brad. At first, doctors tried to transfer the heart and lung sounds to other specialists by phone. This concept includes a range from counseling to more specialized procedures such as remote surgery. In this way, it is possible to control and manage the crises created in the field of health, treatment and health. When you use the Internet to provide medical advice and tests on a disease to another doctor around the world and consult with him or her, you are actually using remote medicine, or when a treating physician is sending a simple email. About the condition of one of his patients, he consults with a skilled physician on another continent. In fact, he has used part of this system. Communicate with the doctor and patient, remote examination with the help of sending radiological images, sending vital signals and text and audio reports of the patient's history on the one hand and presenting orders in text or audio or in special cases such as remote surgery as orders Mechanically, the physician forms the cycle of a remote medical operation. Remote Medicine is a skill that uses multimedia tools and can be used to provide medical services using a large number of modern technologies, including live images, live audio, medical data and images, communication systems, texts, photographs and vital parameters related to medicine. From a distance, he offered another place.

The British Telemedicine Association defines telemedicine as: providing medical services where distance is an important factor, by professional professionals using information and communication technology to exchange accurate information on diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Diseases and research, using the latest achievements in the field of health services in order to ensure the health of people as much as possible.

Telemedicine, or telemedicine, is a new approach to health, diagnostic, and therapeutic care that is supported by electrical, technical, and communication processes. Etc. was used.

Telemedicine refers to the use of communication and information technology in medicine with the aim of providing medical services remotely and without the need for regular communication with the patient and the physician. The most important uses of telemedicine are in e-counseling, education, patient databases, artificial intelligence, and support for healthcare management. Telemedicine or telemedicine means the transmission of information through electrical signals and the automation of clinical services and counseling with the help of electronic medical equipment.


Telemedicine goals

Improve patient care

Improving medical access and care for rural and deprived areas

Better access to doctors for advice

Access to facilities for physicians to conduct automatic examinations

Reduction of medical care costs, transfer of the patient and his accommodation in the medical center

Creating medical care services (geographically and demographically)

Reduce patient transfer to medical centers

Creating managed care space in hospitals and medical centers


Telemedicine services can also be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. In this method, classification is done professionally and separately. The most important topics of remote medical services include the following:

Personal Health Case and Electronic Health Case   (HER & PHR)


Remote health services such as online appointments.  Tele-notification

Preventive-care telemedicine

Text  -based tele-consultation

Telemedicine in emergency medicine  (tele-emergency care)